Multi-antenna Spectrum Sensing: From GLRTs to LMPITs

Dr. Javier Via
University of Cantabria, Spain

2:00pm Friday 22 June 2012, ITE 325b

Spectrum Sensing represents one of the critical aspects of the Cognitive Radio paradigm, where spectral monitors need to determine the presence or absence of primary users under very low SNR conditions. In this talk, we briefly revisit the main spectrum sensing techniques, with special emphasis in multi-antenna detectors, and we will see that the heuristic eigenvalue-based approaches can be outperformed by making use of some important results in the hypothesis testing literature. In particular, we will consider two related hypothesis testing problems, and derive the locally (under low SNR) best detectors among those preserving the problem invariances. Interestingly, this challenging task can be accomplished thanks to Wijsman's theorem, which allows us to obtain the optimal test statistic without the explicit knowledge of the maximal invariant distributions.

Javier Vía received his Telecommunication Engineer Degree and his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cantabria, Spain in 2002 and 2007, respectively. In 2002 he joined the Department of Communications Engineering, University of Cantabria, Spain, where he is currently an Associate Professor. He has spent visiting periods at Stanford University, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and more recently at SUNY at Buffalo. Prof. Vía has actively participated in several European and Spanish research projects. His current research interests include hypothesis testing and spectrum sensing, quaternion signal processing, and financial engineering.

Host: Tulay Adali