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Separate compilation

Let's look at separate compilation in detail. We can break up the code for a large program that makes use of many functions into separate files. The idea is to be able to have functions that are general and can be reused in a file that is separate from the current specific project's code.

A reusable function, which is a good general module should be kept with other reusable functions about that same topic. You can then name the file appropriately and save it for use in future projects that deal with that topic.

So you will end up with more than one source file:

Naming the Files

The source code pieces will be compiled separately to make their own object code files. The object files can then be combined by the linker along with other necessary object files to make the executable file.

The monolithic program


/********************************************
* File: big.c
* Author: S. Bogar
* Date: 8/3/99
* Section: 101
* EMail: bogar@cs.umbc.edu
*
*   This file uses lots and lots of functions.
*********************************************/

#include <stdio.h>


/* Prototypes for the functions we use. */
int    Sum  (int x, int y) ;
int    Max  (int x, int y) ;
int    Min  (int x, int y) ;
double Avg  (int x, int y) ;
int    Dist (int x, int y) ;


int main () 
{
   int a, b ;

   /* get two ints from the user */
   printf("Enter first number: ") ;
   scanf ("%d", &a) ;
   printf("Enter second number: ") ;
   scanf ("%d", &b) ;
   printf("\n") ;
 
   /* use functions for perform simple arithmetic.
   ** print the results of each function call */
   printf("The sum of %d and %d is: %d\n", 
	   a, b, Sum (a, b) ) ; 
   printf("The smaller of %d and %d is: %d\n", 
	   a, b, Min (a, b) ) ; 
   printf("The larger of %d and %d is: %d\n", 
	   a, b, Max (a, b) ) ; 
   printf("The average of %d and %d is: %f\n", 
	   a, b, Avg (a, b) ) ; 
   printf("The distance between %d and %d is: %d\n", 
	   a, b, Dist (a, b) ) ; 

   /* we're done!! */
   printf("That's all folks.\n") ;

   return 0;
}

/********************************************
* Function: Sum
* Usage:    z = Sum (x, y)
*
* This function adds the two values passed in
* and returns their sum.
*
* Input: two integers to be added
* Output: Returns the sum of x and y.
*********************************************/
int Sum (int x, int y) 
{
   int sum ;

   sum = x + y ;

   return sum ;
}


/*********************************************
* Function: Max 
* Usage:    z = Max (x, y)
*
* This function determines which of the values
* passed in is larger.
*
* Inputs: two integers to be compared
* Output: Returns the larger of x and y.
*********************************************/
int Max (int x, int y) 
{
   int max ;

   if (x > y) {
      max = x ;
   } else {
      max = y ;
   }

   return max ;
}


/*********************************************
* Function: Min
* Usage:    z = Min (x, y)
*
* This function determines which of the values
* passed in is smaller.
*
* Inputs: two integers to be compared
* Output: Returns the smaller of x and y.
*********************************************/
int Min (int x, int y) 
{
   int min ;

   if (x < y) {
      min = x ;
   } else {
      min = y ;
   }

   return min ;
}

/*********************************************
* Function: Avg
* Usage:    z = Avg (x, y)
*
* This function calculates the average of the
* two values passed in.
*
* Inputs: two integers to be compared
* Output: Returns average of x and y as a *** double ***
*
*********************************************/
double Avg (int x, int y) 
{
   double average ;
   
   average = (x + y) / 2.0 ;

   return average ;
}

/*********************************************
* Function: Dist 
* Usage:    z = Dist (x, y)
*
* This function calculates the distance between
* x and y on a number line.
*
* Input: two integers for which distance is calculated
* Output: Returns the absolute value of x - y.
*********************************************/
int Dist (int x, int y) 
{
   int distance ;

   distance = x - y ;

   if (distance < 0) {
      distance = -distance ;
   } 

   return distance ;
}


The Sample Run



linux2[75] % gcc -Wall -ansi big.c
linux2[76] % a.out
Enter first number: 2
Enter second number: 5

The sum of 2 and 5 is: 7
The smaller of 2 and 5 is: 2
The larger of 2 and 5 is: 5
The average of 2 and 5 is: 3.500000
The distance between 2 and 5 is: 3
That's all folks.
linux2[77] % !a
a.out
Enter first number: 5
Enter second number: 2

The sum of 5 and 2 is: 7
The smaller of 5 and 2 is: 2
The larger of 5 and 2 is: 5
The average of 5 and 2 is: 3.500000
The distance between 5 and 2 is: 3
That's all folks.
linux2[78] % !a
a.out
Enter first number: 113
Enter second number: 49135

The sum of 113 and 49135 is: 49248
The smaller of 113 and 49135 is: 113
The larger of 113 and 49135 is: 49135
The average of 113 and 49135 is: 24624.000000
The distance between 113 and 49135 is: 49022
That's all folks.
linux2[79] % 

Last Modified - Tuesday, 20-Sep-2005 14:08:49 EDT

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