talk: Mining social media data for health, public health & popular events, 1-2pm ET 4/2

Mining social media data for health, public health, and popular events

Anietie Andy, University of Pennsylvania

1:00-2:00 pm ET, Friday, 2 April 2021

online via WebEx

Increasingly, individuals are turning to social media and online forums such as Twitter and Reddit to communicate about a range of issues including their health and well-being, public health concerns, and large public events such as the presidential debates. These user-generated social media data are prone to noise and misinformation. Developing and applying Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms can enable researchers to glean pertinent information from social media and online forums for a range of uses.  For example, patients’ social media data may include information about their lifestyle that might not typically be reported to clinicians; however, this information may allow clinicians to provide individualized recommendations for managing their patients’ health. Separately, insights obtained from social media data can aid government agencies and other relevant institutions in better understanding the concerns of the populace as it relates to public health issues such as COVID-19 and its long-term effects on the well-being of the public. Finally, insights obtained from social media posts can capture how individuals react to an event and can be combined with other data sources, such as videos, to create multimedia summaries. In all these examples, there is much to be gained by applying AI algorithms to user-generated social media data.

In this talk, I will discuss my work in creating and applying AI algorithms that harness data from various sources (online forums, electronic medical records, and health care facility ratings) to gain insights about health and well-being and public health. I will also discuss the development of an algorithm for resolving pronoun mentions in event-related social media comments and a pipeline of algorithms for creating a multimedia summary of popular events. I will conclude by discussing my current and future work around creating and applying AI algorithms to: (a) gain insights about county-level COVID-19 vaccine concerns, (b) detect, reduce, and mitigate misinformation in text and online forums, and (c) understand the expression and evolution of bias (expressed in text) over time. 

Anietie Andy is a senior data scientist at Penn Medicine Center for Digital Health. His research focuses on developing and applying natural language processing and machine learning algorithms to health care, public health, and well-being. Also, he is interested in developing natural language processing and machine learning algorithms that use multimodal sources (text, video, images) to summarize and gain insights about events and online communities.

UMBC grad students present new ideas at GEARS Ideathon: 9 April 2021


11:30-1:30 Friday, April 9, 2021

GEARS, UMBC’s Graduate Experience, Achievements, and Research Symposium, bring you its first-of-a-kind event IDEATHON that invites graduate students to describe how new or existing problems can be better tackled by using their new idea. Participants will present their ideas to the jury and fellow graduate students in UMBC.  You can participate either individually or in a group of up to three people.

This event will highlight your creative skills and the uniqueness of your idea, which can be social, environmental, IT technology, medical field related, etc. These ideas can be real or hypothetical. You create a three-minute presentation showcasing your idea and how unique it is. Up to $1000 in prize money will be available for the winning ideas. All the participants are eligible for a free UMBC logo Mask, and the first ten participants will get a chance to win UMBC merchandise T-shirts.

Sign up here.

We welcome all department’s graduate students to come to participate and celebrate Graduate week with us on the event day i.e.  9th April 2021. For any queries contact Sulabh Sharma (+14438504311, ) or Jhansi Sankaramaddi (+14109006743, )

talk: Forward & Inverse Causal Inference in a Tensor Framework, 1-2 pm ET, 3/29

Forward and Inverse Causal Inference in a Tensor Framework

M. Alex O. Vasilescu
Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics, UCLA

1-2:00 pm Monday, March 29, 2021
via WebEx

Developing causal explanations for correct results or for failures from mathematical equations and data is important in developing a trustworthy artificial intelligence, and retaining public trust.  Causal explanations are germane to the “right to an explanation” statute, i.e., to data-driven decisions, such as those that rely on images.  Computer graphics and computer vision problems, also known as forward and inverse imaging problems, have been cast as causal inference questions consistent with Donald Rubin’s quantitative definition of causality, where “A causes B” means “the effect of A is B”, a measurable and experimentally repeatable quantity. Computer graphics may be viewed as addressing analogous questions to forward causal inference that addresses the “what if” question, and estimates a change in effects given a delta change in a causal factor. Computer vision may be viewed as addressing analogous questions to inverse causal inference that addresses the “why” question which we define as the estimation of causes given a forward causal model, and a set of observations that constrain the solution set.  Tensor algebra is a suitable and transparent framework for modeling the mechanism that generates observed data.  Tensor-based data analysis, also known in the literature as structural equation modeling with multimode latent variables, has been employed in representing the causal factor structure of data formation in econometrics, psychometric, and chemometrics since the 1960s.  More recently, tensor factor analysis has been successfully employed to represent cause-and-effect in computer vision, and computer graphics, or for prediction and dimensionality reduction in machine learning tasks.   

M. Alex O. Vasilescu received her education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of Toronto. She is currently a senior fellow at UCLA’s Institute of Pure and Applied mathematics (IPAM) that has held research scientist positions at the MIT Media Lab from 2005-07 and at New York University’s Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences from 2001-05.  Vasilescu introduced the tensor paradigm for computer vision, computer graphics, and machine learning. She addressed causal inferencing questions by framing computer graphics and computer vision as multilinear problems. Causal inferencing in a tensor framework facilitates the analysis, recognition, synthesis, and interpretability of data. The development of the tensor framework has been spearheaded with premier papers, such as Human Motion Signatures (2001), TensorFaces (2002), Multilinear Independent Component Analysis (2005), TensorTextures (2004), and Multilinear Projection for Recognition (2007, 2011). Vasilescu’s face recognition research, known as TensorFaces, has been funded by the TSWG, the Department of Defenses Combating Terrorism Support Program, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), and NSF. Her work was featured on the cover of Computer World and in articles in the New York Times, Washington Times, etc. MIT’s Technology Review Magazine named her to their TR100 list of honorees, and the National Academy of Science co-awarded the Keck Futures Initiative Grant.  

ACM career talk: career opportunities in data privacy

Continuing with our Innovation, Collaboration, Job Search, and Career help theme, the ACM UMBC chapter is back again, hosting another session on the coming Friday with Sameer Ahirrao, a Founder and CEO of Ardent Privacy. He will be talking about Innovation, Collaboration, and Career Opportunities in Data Privacy. Find more on how you can get a part-time off-campus or full-time internship under MIPS (Maryland Industrial Partnership) Program with Ardent Privacy.

Join us for insights from him and a Q&A session with Sameer.
See you on Friday, March 16 at 3:00 pm EST on WebeX.  For more information, contact:  .

talk: Machine Learning: New Methodology for Physical & Social Sciences, 1pm ET 3/24

24 hour LIDAR backscatter profiles and PBLH points generated from image machine learning system

The Infusion of Machine Learning as a New Methodology for the Physical and Social Sciences

Dr. Jennifer Sleeman

1:00-2:00 pm ET, Wednesday, March 24
Online via WebEx

Machine learning has made improvements in many areas of computing. Recently attention has been given to infusing social science methodology with machine learning. In addition, the physical sciences have begun to embrace machine learning to augment their physical parameterization and to discover new features in their computations. I will describe my work that relates to these new emerging areas of research. I will first describe our machine learning research efforts related to understanding the changing role of climate and its effects on society. I will describe how this methodology was also applied to understanding cyber-related exploits. As part of this work, I developed an expertise in generative modeling, which led to a patent in generative and translation-based methods applied to imagery. These ideas were fundamental to a contribution in machine learning using quantum annealing. Quantum computing holds promise for deep learning to reach model convergence faster than classical computers. I will describe work related to developing a new hybrid method that overcame qubit limitations for image generation. 

In addition, I will describe my current work related to machine learning for the Physical Sciences. As part of a multi-disciplinary team from UMBC and other universities, my current work explores ways to augment and replace existing physical parameterizations with neural network based models. I have led a research effort to calculate the planetary boundary layer’s height (PBLH) used for ceilometer-based backscatter profiles and satellite-borne lidar instruments. This work addresses the largest uncertainty in climate change, namely the role of aerosols (dust, carbon, sulfates, sea salt, etc.). We employ a novel method that includes a deep segmentation neural network that uses near-time continuous profiles forming an image to determine boundary layer heights. This method overcomes limitations in wavelet approaches which are unable to identify the PBLH under certain conditions. I will also give a preview of two efforts related to Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) neural networks related to learning PBLH changes over time. These research efforts result from collaborations with two students in the UMBC CSEE department and are being published and presented at the AAAI 2021 Spring Symposium on Combining Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning with Physics Sciences. 

Dr. Jennifer Sleeman is a Research Assistant Professor in Computer Science at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). Her research interests include generative models, natural language processing, semantic representation, image generation, and deep learning. Dr. Sleeman received the prestigious recognition of being a 2019 EECS Rising Star. She was also recognized in 2017 as one of the best Data Scientists in the Washington, DC region by DCFemTech. She defended her Ph.D. thesis, Dynamic Data Assimilation for Topic Modeling (DDATM) in 2017 under Tim Finin and Milton Halem. Her thesis-related work was awarded a Microsoft “AI for Earth” resource grant in 2017 and 2018 and also won the best paper award in the Semantic Web for Social Good Workshop presented at International Semantic Web Conference in 2018. She was an invited guest panelist at the AI for Social Good AAAI Fall Symposium in 2019 and was also an invited keynote speaker at the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Engineering (ICDSE 2020), where she presented her ideas related to AI for Social Good and Science. She is an active research scientist in generative deep learning methods for which she holds a patent. She has over 12 years of machine learning experience and over 22 years of software engineering experience, in both academic and government/industry settings. She is currently funded by NASA and NOAA (PI). She also teaches Introduction to Artificial Intelligence at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) and currently mentors two Master’s students

talk: (Don’t) Mind the Gap: Bridging the Worlds of People and IoT Devices, 1-2 ET 3/23

TIPPERS is an IoT data management middleware system developed at UCI that manages IoT smart spaces by collecting sensor data, inferring semantically meaningful information, and providing developers with data for intelligent applications.

(Don’t) Mind the Gap: Bridging the Worlds of People and IoT Devices

Dr. Roberto Yus
University of California, Irvine

1:00-2:00 pm ET, Tuesday, 23 March 2021
online via WebEx

The Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to improve our lives through different services given the diversity of smart devices and their capabilities. For example, the IoT can empower services to make the re-opening of business during the current pandemic safer by monitoring adherence to regulations. But the large amounts of highly heterogeneous data captured by IoT devices typically require further processing to become useful information. The challenge is thus for IoT systems to determine which sensor data has to be captured/stored/processed/shared to, for instance, determine the occupancy of a specific office building or the spaces in which a potential exposure took place. This becomes even more challenging when IoT systems have to take into account the privacy preferences of individuals, such as the need to prevent sharing data about their daily patterns or habits.

In this talk, I will discuss my efforts into helping IoT systems bridge the gap between the world of IoT devices and the world where people act. First, I will introduce a model to represent knowledge about sensors/actuators, people, spaces, events, and their relationships. Based on the model, I will explain an algorithmic solution to translate user requests and privacy preferences defined in a high-level, more semantically meaningful way into operations on IoT devices and their captured data. Second, I will talk about the enforcement of privacy preferences in the context of the IoT. Finally, I will overview my experience building and deploying an IoT data management system, TIPPERS, which has been deployed at UC Irvine and two US Navy vessels and is soon to be deployed on other campuses. I will conclude the talk by discussing the exciting future work opportunities towards supporting the next generation of ubiquitous IoT data management systems and technologies that autonomously, transparently, and at scale, balance the trade-off between providing users with high utility and respecting people’s privacy requirements.

Roberto Yus is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Computer Science department at the University of California, Irvine working with Prof. Sharad Mehrotra. Before that, he spent a year as a visiting researcher at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County working with Prof. Anupam Joshi and Prof. Tim Finin. He obtained his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Zaragoza, Spain, funded through a 4-year fellowship from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. His research interests are in the fields of data management, knowledge representation, privacy, and the Internet of Things (IoT). His research focuses on the design of semantic data management solutions to empower IoT systems to understand user information requirements and user privacy preferences and adapt their operations taking those into account. Roberto’s research has been published in top-tier conferences and journals such as VLDB and the Journal of Web Semantics. He is part of the editorial board of the “Sensors” and “Frontiers in Big Data” journals and has served as part of the organizing and program committee of several conferences and workshops in addition to serving as an external reviewer for multiple conferences and journals.

talk: Towards Contextual Security of AI-enabled platforms, 1-2 pm ET 3/22

Towards Contextual Security of AI-enabled platforms

Dr. Nidhi Rastogi
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

1-2:00pm ET, Monday, 22 March 2021

via WebEx

The explosive growth of Internet-connected and AI-enabled devices and data produced by them has introduced significant threats. For example, malware intrusions (SolarWinds) have become perilous and extremely hard to discover, while data breaches continue to compromise user privacy (Zoom credentials exposed) and endanger personally identifiable information. My research takes a holistic approach towards systems and platforms to address security-related concerns using contextual and explainable models. 

In this talk, I will present ongoing work that analyzes and improves the cybersecurity posture of Internet-connected systems and devices using automated, trustworthy, and contextual AI-models. Specifically, my research in malware threat intelligence gathers diverse information from varied datasets – system and network logs, source code, and text. In [1], an open-source ontology (MALOnt) contextualizes threat intelligence by aggregating malware-related information into classes and relations. TINKER [2, 3] – the first open-source malware knowledge graph, instantiates MALOnt classes and enables information extraction, reasoning, analysis, detection, classification, and cyber threat attribution. At present, the research is addressing the trustworthiness of information sources and extractors.

1. RastogiN., Dutta, S., Zaki, M. J., Gittens, A., & Aggarwal, C. (2020). MALOnt: An ontology for malware threat intelligence, In KDD’20 Workshop at International workshop on deployable machine learning for security defense. Springer, Cham.

2. RastogiN., Dutta, S., Christian, R., Gridley, J., Zaki, M. J., Gittens, A., and Aggarwal, C.  (2021). Knowledge graph generation and completion for contextual malware threat intelligence. In USENIX Security’21, Accepted.

3. Yee, D., Dutta, S., RastogiN., Gu, C., and Ma, Q. (2021). TINKER: Knowledge graph for threat intelligence. In ACL- IJCNLP’21, Under Review.

Dr. Nidhi Rastogi is a Research Scientist at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Her research is at the intersection of cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, large-scale networks, graph analytics, and data privacy. She has papers accepted at top venues such as USENIX, TrustCom, ISWC, Wireless Telecommunication Symposium, and Journal of Information Policy. For the past two years, Dr. Rastogi has been the lead PI for three cybersecurity, privacy research projects and a contributor to one healthcare AI project. For her contributions to cybersecurity and encouraging women in STEM, Dr. Rastogi was recognized in 2020 as an International Women in Cybersecurity by the Cyber Risk Research Institute. She was a speaker at the SANS cybersecurity summit and the Grace Hopper Conference. Dr. Rastogi is the co-chair for DYNAMICS workshop (2020-) and has served as a committee member for DYNAMICS’19, IEEE S&P’16 (student PC), invited reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Cybersecurity (2018,19), FADEx laureate for the 1st French-American Program on Cyber-Physical Systems’16, Board Member (N2Women 2018-20), and Feature Editor for ACM XRDS Magazine (2015-17). Before her Ph.D. from RPI, Dr. Rastogi also worked in the industry on heterogeneous wireless networks (cellular, 802.1x, 802.11) and network security through engineering and research positions at Verizon and GE Global Research Center, and GE Power. She has interned at IBM Zurich, BBN Raytheon, GE GRC, and Yahoo, which provides her a quintessential perspective in applied industrial research and engineering.

ACM chapter talk: Career, job search, and interviewing tips, 4-5 pm Sat, 3/13

ACM chapter talk
Career, job search, and interviewing tips

Nikhil Kumar Mengani (UMBC MS CS ’18), Microsoft SDE

The UMBC student ACM chapter will hold a session on careers and job searches from 4:00 pm to 5:00 pm ET on Saturday, March 13.  Nikhil Mengani, a UMBC graduate and current Microsoft Software Development Engineer, will talk about interview tips, using LinkedIn, and overall job search best practices. 

Join the online meeting for some great insights and a Q&A session with Nikhil.  Join via webex. For more information, contact Samit Shivadekar at .

talk: Ed Raff on Machine Learning for Malware: Challenges and Progress, 12-1pm ET Wed 2/17

UMBC Information Systems Department

Machine Learning for Malware:
Challenges and Progress 

Dr. Edward Raff
Booz Allen Hamilton
Visiting Prof. UMBC Computer Science & Electrical Engineering

12:00-1:00 pm ET Wednesday, 17 February 2021

online via WebEx

Malware is an ever-growing problem, single malware families have caused billions in damages, and the first direct death attributed to malware taking down a hospital has occurred. To detect new malware, machine learning is a naturally attractive approach. However, malware poses a number of unique challenges that have slowed the progress of ML-based solutions. In this talk, we will look at the task of malware detection from byte-based analysis, why it poses many challenging machine learning research problems, and progress we have made on these tasks by taking some non-standard approaches to machine learning: building shallow and wide networks instead of deep, handicapping the features of our model to make it robust, and using literal compression algorithms (LZMA) to find similar content. 

Edward Raff leads Booz Allen’s machine learning research group and supports clients in developing new ML solutions. His research includes cybersecurity, adversarial machine learning, fairness and ethics, fingerprint biometrics, and high-performance computing. In his spare time, he is the author of the JSAT machine learning library. He received his BS and MS in Computer Science from Purdue University and his Ph.D. in CS from UMBC. Dr. Raff is a Nvidia Deep Learning certified instructor, and Visiting Professor at UMBC.

talk: Modeling and Simulation for Reducing Risks Associated with Extreme Weather, 11-12 2/10

CARTA Distinguished Lecture

Modeling and Simulation for
Reducing the Risks Associated with
Extreme Weather

Dr. Robert Atlas

Research Professor & Global Coordinator for CARTA
Director Emeritus/ NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

 11:00-12:00 ET Wednesday, 10 February 2021

WebEX link

The reduction of losses related to hurricanes and other extreme weather phenomena involves many complex aspects ranging from purely theoretical, observational, computational, and numerical, to operational and decisional. A correct warning can lead to proper evacuation and damage mitigation, and produce immense benefits. However, over-warning can lead to substantial unnecessary costs, a reduction of confidence in warnings, and a lack of appropriate response. In this chain of information, the role played by scientific research is crucial.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), in combination with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), other agencies, and universities is contributing to these efforts through observational and theoretical research to better understand the processes associated with extreme weather. This includes model and data assimilation development, Observing System Experiments (OSE), and Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE) designed to ascertain the value of existing observing systems and the potential of new observing systems to improve weather prediction and theoretical understanding. This high-level talk, which was first given as the Keynote address at the 2019 Winter Simulation Conference, will describe innovative research for developing advanced next-generation global and regional models to improve weather prediction, and the application of OSSEs to optimize the observing system.

Dr. Robert Atlas is the former Chief Meteorologist at NASA’s Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres and is Director Emeritus of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory in Miami, Fla. Some of the areas he focused his research on included the prediction, movement, and strengthening of hurricanes. He has worked with both satellite data and computer models as a means to study these hurricane behaviors.

Dr. Atlas received his Ph.D. in Meteorology and Oceanography in 1976 from New York University. Prior to receiving the doctorate, he was a weather forecaster in the U.S. Air Force where he maintained greater than 95 percent forecast accuracy. From 1976 to 1978, Dr. Atlas was a National Research Council Research Associate at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, an Assistant Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science for SUNY, and Chief Consulting Meteorologist for the ABC television network.

In 1978, Dr. Atlas joined NASA as a research scientist. He served as head of the NASA Data Assimilation Office from 1998-2003, and as Chief meteorologist at NASA GSFC from 2003-2005. Dr. Atlas has performed research to assess and improve the impact of satellite data on numerical weather prediction since 1973. He was a key member of the team that first demonstrated the significant impact of quantitative satellite data on numerical weather prediction and is the world’s leading expert on Observing System Simulation Experiments, a technology that enables scientists to determine the quantitative value of new observing systems before funds are allocated for their development.

He served as a member of the Satellite Surface Stress Working Group, the NASA Scatterometer (NSCAT) Science Team, the ERS Science Team, the SeaWinds Satellite Team, the Working Group for Space-based Laser Winds, the Scientific Steering Group for GEWEX, the Council of the American Meteorological Society, and as Chairman of the U.S. World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Advisory Group for model-based air-sea fluxes. He is currently a member of the Science Teams for two NASA space missions.

From 1974-1976, he developed a global upper-ocean model and studied oceanic response to atmospheric wind forcing as well as large-scale atmospheric response to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies (unusual events). In more recent years, his research concentrated on the role of how the air and sea interact in the development of cyclones, the role of soil moisture and unusual SST events in the initiation, maintenance, and decay of prolonged heatwaves and drought, and most recently on the modeling and prediction of hurricane formation, movement, and intensification.

He is a recipient of the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement and the American Meteorological Society’s Banner I. Miller Award. In 2019, just prior to his retirement from NOAA, he was honored by the National Hurricane Center for Enduring Contributions to the nation’s hurricane forecast and warning program, and by the U.S. House of Representatives for his service to the nation.

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